Friday, November 21, 2014

Early Career Investigators - Jump-Starting Your Research

For many early career investigators (ECIs), beginning a first tenure track faculty position is intense. Some find themselves in the first semester juggling a heavy course load, including courses they've never taught that they're scrambling to develop. It's no wonder that research goals sometimes fall off the radar until at least the winter semester. It absolutely makes sense, yet a chaotic start to your career can leave some faculty in a sort of slump as to how to really get things started around their research when they are ready to do so.

Drawing from ORDE and Office of Research Services (ORS) resources, as well as other successful research development offices around the country, I offer some tips to get started that can help to get your research and research funding work going.

Attend workshops and seminars
Even if you've written several grants with your mentor, leading a grant development effort can bring new challenges. By registering for grant development seminars and training, you can get insight on how to approach grant-writing, as well as meet other ECIs and seasoned PIs that you might collaborate with and/or learn from.

ORDE offers a seminar series that will begin in January of 2015, open to all CU Denver faculty. The Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CCTSI) also offers various educational programs, including Pre-K and K to R programs for aspiring NIH ECIs. Many professional organizations offer grant development training or intensive programs to their members as well. It's always worth exploring what these organizations offer as it may be a good fit for you.

Meet with a mentor, RD professional, or leader
Having a one-on-one conversation with a mentor, an accomplished investigator or a research development professional can help you put your research career and plans into perspective. Having someone to serve as a sounding board and/or an adviser can be incredibly helpful to ECIs as they juggle their responsibilities and find ways that they can move forward.

The ORDE team is always available to meet with any of our faculty in strategy sessions as folks who you can bounce ideas off of. This can be particularly helpful when you're also wondering what funding sources are available to you.

Conduct a fund search
ORDE is also available to conduct personalized fund searches for our faculty. We work with you to understand your research goals or your specific research project, and provide you with a planning document that outlines potential funding agencies, a summary of those agencies, deadlines, eligibility, etc. These fund searches and our follow-up updates are all focused on your research.

Find seed money
Seed money can be difficult to come by, but it can really make the difference for ECIs trying to grow their research. ORDE offers a New Investigator Funding e-Book and an e-Book for Pilot Project Funding. Additionally ORS offers small and large grants to researchers on the Denver campus. This seed money can help to jump start your project and put you in a more competitive position when applying for larger external grants down the road.

Identify/form a writing group
Although a large amount of grant development and research is done independently, recruiting and working with a group of peers in a writing group or something of the like can keep you moving forward. A writing group that meets regularly can give you accountability to your peers as well as give you a mutually beneficial group of peer reviewers to offer you feedback on draft grant applications.

These resources and tips can be helpful as you grow your research and research support.

Resources
Office of Research Development Education (ORDE)
Office of Research Services (ORS)
Colorado Clinical and Translational Service Institute (CCTSI)

Friday, November 14, 2014

Supporting Documents for Grants

Letters of recommendation, letters of collaboration, references, oh my! Unfortunately, these important support documents are often left to the last minute by grant-writers. But, there is a danger to leaving these documents to an afterthought...

Get them early
First, they take time to get together.  If you're waiting till you finish writing your grant to reach out to your collaborators or supporters to provide a letter for you, it oftentimes frustrates those vital partners who are forced to turn something around so quickly, if in fact they can turn it around as quickly as you ask. Waiting till the last minute can also impact the quality of the letter you get. As we all know, writing is only as good as the time put into it.

Clarify what the sponsor wants to see
In some situations, agencies are happy to see letters that speak to the character or strong qualities of the PI, but more and more, agencies want to see specifics in letters of support, and do not want to see any "fluff" on how great the PI is. For instance, depending on the program and agency, they may want to see specific resources that a collaborator is providing - including time, numbers, access, etc. Some sponsors want to see letters from department heads that assure them that the institution and department are supportive of the PI, the project, and their career trajectory.

Write them yourself
Although you don't want to be presumptuous, most letter writers appreciate if the PI provides a draft of the letter (including exactly what the sponsor is looking for) that they can then alter or put into their own words. More often than not, the letter writer will just sign the letter written by the PI, although if there is any misunderstanding around commitments, the letter can bring those to light early on.

Consider submittal requirements
Most grant submissions use an electronic process. Make sure that your letters are submitted appropriately and once submitted, print out the full application to make sure that it looks right and that all of the letters look professional, especially if they are in a different format than other parts of the application with signatures, etc.

Resources
How to write an effective letter of support - Tufts University, Office of Proposal Development
Letters of Support - Fresno State, Office of Research and Sponsored Programs
Letters of Support - The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Office of Research

Friday, November 7, 2014

Getting Funding in the Arts and Humanities

It seems that this year there has been a lot of buzz around seeking external funding for the arts and humanities in the research development world. Despite this particular funding landscape being particularly challenging, it makes sense that RD folks offer more support to those faculty in the arts and humanities. But as soon as someone asks what we should be doing for these essential faculty, there is either a resounding silence or someone timidly points to the Foundation Center's Directory for Arts and Humanities Funding.

At any rate, in this week's blog I offer some tips and resources for those faculty in the arts and humanities both from conversations I've had with our own A&H faculty and from other experts - both those faculty writing grants in these fields and those supporting them.

Finding a common language
Artists have a unique perspective on their work, what it does, and how they cultivate that work. They sometimes have what feels like a different language to discuss their creative process that us art dummies (and I'm referring to myself) have a hard time following. The dilemma here is that depending on the genre of art or creative work we're talking about, these languages don't necessarily translate even within the arts.  And, when the art dummies come into the process, either as research developers, grant reviewers, or sponsors in some cases, the faculty member's work can be greeted with confused looks.

This is where research developers can provide support. When working with those in grant development, they can help you cull out the common language that will speak to sponsors. They can also help to illuminate where there are holes in your story and thus your case for funding.

Humanities PIs have a similar challenge in that it is often difficult for them to quickly and succinctly get to their case and point, often forcing them to skip over or abbreviate centuries of foundational work that may seem obscure to the layperson, but is necessary to really see the richness of a new project. Again, use an outside perspective of layperson to help you translate some difficult concepts into something simpler. Although it may be difficult to set aside some of the details that seem so crucial, always remember that effective writers, and certainly funded PIs must learn to "murder their darlings," which refers to cutting the language that although you may love, does not help your reader to understand your point.

Write your story
The University of Colorado Boulder's Center for Arts and Humanities offers some tips to A&H grant writers. Among their suggestions is that faculty write a 3000 word grant-like description of their work. Whether this is in response to an RFP or just an exercise you go through, answering what you're doing, how you're doing it, and why it's important for a broad audience will offer you clarity on your own work that will extend beyond your artist's statement or your research mission statement.

Susan Stanford Friedman of Carleton College's English Department suggests that A&H grant writers focus on the big picture of their research and work, to really try and step back and conceptualize the whole of your work and how all of the pieces then fit together.

Open up to different funding opportunities
I mentioned already how competitive grant funding is for A&H, but there is a larger span of funding opportunities than most faculty are aware.  First, being aware of the big A&H sponsors in the federal and private arenas and what they fund is important, especially if your work is a good fit for any of the major funders.

Funding in the arts and humanities also often take on different forms than traditional grants.  Opportunities like residencies, travel opportunities, etc. may not look like funding opportunities, but they are competitive support programs that can further your work and build your credentials as you go after other funding (traditional and non) in the future.

Lastly, faculty can find success by looking at how they can partner with faculty and researchers outside of their field and be eligible for funding on larger grant applications where they play a unique role as a co-PI or consultant. It's also good to note that by collaborating with others outside your field, you will further improve how you position and discuss your work and its relevance to laypeople.

Resources
Funding Opportunities in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences - NORDP presentation
Writing Effective Proposals - Susan Stanford Friedman
Gigi Rosenberg's Blog - Author, Artist, and Entrepreneur

Friday, October 31, 2014

The #1 Threat to Your Grant Success...Procrastination

It always feels ironic when I'm researching procrastination. I ask myself, do I really need to be spending this much time learning about procrastination, or am I just putting off writing my weekly blog? This is part of the haziness around procrastination that makes it so easy to justify. Really, only the procrastinator truly knows that they are procrastinating, and sometimes they're not even sure.

ORDE and other grant experts recommend that grant developers spend at least six months developing a grant application. Yet, when I suggest that to our researchers, I follow-up very quickly saying that if you don't have that much time for whatever reason, you should at least include the important elements on the timeline in a shorter time period before they laugh me off.

According to Psychology Today, approximately 20% of the population are chronic procrastinators. They clarify that although everyone procrastinates at some point on some task, it is the chronic procrastinators that experience more dramatic and ongoing consequences in their lives and work.Chronic procrastinators have a difficult time weighing long-term rewards against immediate gratification. They may also procrastinate due to fear of failure or success.  And, procrastination seems to be a larger and larger problem in the technology age. Canadian Psychologist, Timothy Psychl says that "50% of the time people are online, they are procrastinating." That's a remarkable statistic when you consider how many people are constantly online for work or with their smart phones!

Although I don't have the research to back it up, I would suggest that grant development is a task that is often procrastinated - it somehow takes all of those drivers of procrastination and puts them into one effort - fear of failure, unclear/unsure rewards, and a large amount of time and thought required. So, because we often see our researchers avoid getting started on that next grant, here are some remedies to combat this great enemy - procrastination.

Work with someone: Forming a writing group with other grant-writers/colleagues can keep you on task and give you a group to bounce ideas off of and review your work.

Build a routine: Try setting aside a small amount of time everyday to work on your grant and gradually see if you can increase that amount. Maybe start with 20 min.

Write in the morning: People tend to do their best and most thoughtful work best in the morning, yet many waste that time on less creative/thoughtful work, e.g., checking email.

Write grants or nothing: One extreme solution posed by writer, Gretchen Rubin, is to set aside a large block of time each day where you can either write or do nothing.  She doesn't force herself to write, but she won't let herself do anything else.

Reduce/eliminate distractions: Since email, texting, social media, and the Internet in general are such large distractions for people, try to disconnect for a while or even just silence you phone to try and allow yourself some time to focus.

Many experts compare and link procrastination to other addictions, such as alcoholism or gambling. So, it makes sense that awareness can be the first step for procrastinators, too. Try to recognize when you're procrastinating and identify why. Then you can begin to remedy the situation.

Resources
Articles on procrastination - Psychology Today
Grant Development Timeline - ORDE

Friday, October 24, 2014

Grant Development Resource: Video Clips

As another outlet/format for grant development education, ORDE has edited short video clips from our seminars from the past year.  These clips are around five minutes long each and feature one of our seasoned faculty researchers discussing their experiences in grant development. Below, please find descriptions and links to these videos. We hope you find them useful!

Grant Development Videos

  • NIH grant development tips
  • Conveying your case in visuals, research strategy, and innovation
  • How do you persuade your reviewers that your research is important?
  • Showing impact and significance in an NIH grant
  • Project summary examples and lessons learned
  • Incorporating passion
  • What makes a strong proposal for NSF
  • Overview of the NSF grant

  • An Overview of PCORI
  • PCORI priorities
  • PCORI criteria
  • PCORI hints
  • PCORI patient centeredness
NIH:
  • NIH grant development tips
  • Conveying your case in visuals, research strategy, and innovation
NSF:
  • Project summary examples and lessons learned
  • Incorporating passion
  • What makes a strong proposal for NSF
  • Overview of the NSF grant
  • IES: Tips for intervention studies
  • IES: Focusing on methodology
  • IES: Attrition and letters of cooperation

  • Choosing and working with collaborators on your grant
  • When to apply for grant funding
  • Maintaining focus and flexibility
  • Effectively using mentoring
  • Recruiting mentors
  • Rethinking Work/Life Balance

Friday, October 17, 2014

Grant Development - Guiding Questions

There are many questions that need to be answered in a grant application. The mistake that many grant writers make is to begin answering these questions when they are actually writing the grant. Without clarity at the front end, grant writers often find their writing muddy and must spend more time writing and re-writing. Now re-writing/revising should always be a part of the grant-development process. Remember the grad school adage, "write to re-write." However, when you go into grant-writing clear on your message, you can spend your revising time on making your grant clear and compelling, instead of spending your time just getting it to understandable.

Below are some guiding questions to use to build a clear case for your grant before you write. You may want to use the questions to draft an outline of your project. You might also consider sitting down with a colleague and having them interview you using the questions and expanding on them to draw you into articulating your story clearly.
  • What is your project?
  • Who benefits from this project and how? 
  • What are the human, financial, and ethical benefits to your project?
  • What will be the major costs to complete this project?
  • What is the timeline you anticipate for your project?
  • How could you scale this project down and up based on the funding you're able to get?
  • What is the long-term vision for your research that your project fits into?
  • How will you fund your long-term vision?
  • Why are you the best person to lead this project?
  • Who will be on your team and how will that be the best team to complete the project?
  • What funding agencies would be interested in this research?
  • Why is your project the best fit for the agency?
  • How will you prove that your project is the best fit?
Certainly this list could go on and get more detailed, but it gives you a sense of how you need to clarify and articulate your research and research project, as well as how you need to understand your sponsor(s) and how your work fits with their goals.

By doing this work first, you can identify gaps in your work early on so that you can begin to correct them. And, you set yourself on the path to developing a more focused grant.

Resources
Grant Writer Resources - National Organization of Research Development Professionals (NORDP)

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

Sabbatical Funding

The word sabbatical refers to a time of rest - and certainly faculty need and deserve this time to recoup. But, of course, for most, this is also a time to conduct or develop research or work on the book or project that you haven't had time for.

When considering what work and exploration you will pursue on sabbatical, it's important to consider the costs for that work and your time and to explore what grant opportunities might be in line with your sabbatical research. In doing so, consider the following:

Start looking early
In all the hustle and bustle, many faculty researchers don't consider what funding might be available for their sabbatical until it's too late to apply for that funding. ORDE suggests that applicants give themselves six months to prepare a solid grant application, and review and award processes can take as long as a year. So, you want to give yourself at least a year beforehand to start grant-writing. Ideally, you want a one and a half to two years to seek funding for your sabbatical.

Figure out what's fundable
You may have a very cool idea or something brand new planned for your sabbatical, but is it something that sponsors will invest in?  As you begin considering sabbatical funding, take a look at the types of sabbatical funding that are typically available in ORDE's e-book on sabbatical funding opportunities.

Also, ask you senior colleagues where they looked for funding and what their experience was in attaining funding - what were their lessons learned and suggestions for you?

Consider the long term
Although faculty going on sabbatical often have just received tenure, it's important to consider how any projects you take on in your sabbatical fit with your longer term research career development. With tenure under your belt, what do the next five years hold for you? What are your goals and how can you use your sabbatical and sabbatical support to strategically position you to hit the ground running when you get back?

Being strategic in these three ways can provide you with a rewarding and productive sabbatical.

Resources
e-book on sabbatical funding - ORDE
How to enjoy a sabbatical - InsideHigherEd